How to use a menstrual cup?

How to Use a Menstrual Cup?

If you're unsure about using a menstrual cup, don't worry—this article provides step-by-step instructions to ease your concerns. Four years ago, when I first used menstrual cup, it wasn't available in Pakistan. I ordered it from my friend in the USA. Despite watching tutorials and reading guides, I felt nervous. However, with practice, I realized it's safe and easy to use.

Now, it has become a trending product in Pakistan. Many Pakistani women are unfamiliar with menstrual cups, and when they use them for the first time, they may not know how to use them properly..

 Let me share my experience to help you feel confident too.

Before inserting menstrual cup

  • Lubricate the Cup: Before inserting the menstrual cup, lubricate the rim with water or a water-based lubricant to ease insertion.
  • Hand Washing: Ensure your hands are clean before handling the cup to maintain hygiene during the process.
  • Cup Greasing: Applying water or lubricant to the cup makes it smoother and easier to insert, reducing discomfort during initial use.

How to insert a menstrual cup


Here are a few folding techniques you can try so experiment and find the one that works for you.

  • C-Fold: Press the sides of the cup together and fold it in half so it forms a "C" shape.
  • Punch-Down Fold: Push the rim of the cup down into the base to create a smaller insertion point.
  • 7-Fold: Fold the cup in half horizontally, then fold it again vertically to form a "7" shape.
  • S-Fold: Fold one side diagonally towards the center, then fold the other side over it to create an "S" shape.
  • Triangle Fold: Fold one side diagonally towards the center to create a triangle shape.
  • Origami Fold: Fold the rim diagonally towards the base, then fold it horizontally to create a compact shape.


Take a moment to relax your muscles before inserting your menstrual cup. Find a comfortable position that suits you best, whether it's lying down, squatting, sitting on the toilet, or standing up. Try it with different positions and then adopt the one you feel comfortable with you.

Insert and Release:

Carefully insert the folded menstrual cup into your vaginal canal until it is fully inside, including the stem. Release your fingers and let the cup unfold naturally. Unlike tampons, ensure the cup sits lower in the vagina.

Consider using water or a water-based lubricant for smoother insertion.

Listen for a subtle "pop" or suction sound, indicating the cup has unfolded and formed a secure seal.

Confirm proper placement by feeling the cup's base – it should feel smooth without folds. Test the seal by gently tugging on the stem; if you feel resistance, the cup is correctly inserted and sealed.


If you notice any dents or folds at the base of your menstrual cup, gently grasp the base (not the stem) and rotate it to ensure it unfolds fully.

After insertion, gently tug on the stem; if you feel resistance, it indicates the cup has formed a proper suction seal and is correctly positioned.

When to Replace Your Menstrual Cup

Wearing a menstrual cup provides flexibility, offering 6 to 12 hours of protection depending on your flow. This means you can comfortably wear it overnight for uninterrupted sleep.

Remember, it's crucial to remove your cup within the 12-hour timeframe. If it fills up sooner, empty it promptly to prevent any leaks or discomfort.

Related article: What is a menstrual cup?

How to Remove Menstrual Cup?

  • Wash: Start by washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
  • Relax: Find a comfortable position, such as sitting on the toilet or squatting, to help relax your muscles.
  • Remove: Gently grip the base of the cup (not the stem) and slowly pull downwards to release the suction seal.
  • Empty and Rinse: Empty the contents of the cup into the toilet and rinse the cup with water.
  • Re-insert or Store: Once cleaned, re-insert the cup or store it in its designated pouch for later use
  • Tips : If your are using period cup first time

    • Read the Instructions Thoroughly: Before using the cup, carefully read the instructions provided with it to understand how to use and clean it properly.
    • Wear a Pantyliner Until You Feel Comfortable: To avoid any potential leaks while getting used to the cup, wear a pantyliner as a backup until you feel confident in using it.
    • Try to Locate Your Cervix: Knowing the position of your cervix can help you position the cup correctly. it is better for you to insert your clean finger and feel whether it is in the right position or not.
    • Trim the Stem of the Cup: If you find the stem of the cup protrudes too much and causes discomfort, you can trim it slightly to better fit your body.
    • Practice Before Your Period: Practice inserting and removing the cup before your period starts to become familiar with the process and ensure you're comfortable using it.

    Healthline says Reusable menstrual cups can last for 6 months to 10 years with proper care. Throw away disposable cups after removal.

    • Use Lubrication: Using water or a water-based lubricant can help make insertion easier, especially for first-time users. Apply a small amount to the rim of the cup before inserting it.

    Reusable Menstrual Cups Care

    • After your period ends, wash the cup with mild, unscented, and oil-free soap and warm water.
    • Ensure all the suction holes and creases are thoroughly cleaned. You can use a soft toothbrush designated for this purpose.
    • Rinse the cup thoroughly to remove any soap residue.
    • Sterilize the cup between menstrual cycles by boiling it in water for 5-10 
    • Store the menstrual cup in a breathable pouch or container. Avoid storing it in an airtight container, as it can trap moisture and lead to bacterial growth.
    • Keep the cup away from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures.